November 24th, 1999

Creating your own library

Well, yesterday Nekrophidius asked me to write an article for the new QB on Acid Magazine. So here it is. Direct all flames to because I am gonna write about...Libraries!

Many people have wondered how to link other languages into Quickbasic. Some think it is not possible but to my knowledge C, Fortran, and of course ASM of been succesfully intergrated with QB code. To do this you need to compile this code into a library.

To demonstrate how we are going to make a mini library that does two things:

1. Sets the Screen Mode to Mode 0013h (Screen 13)
2. Sets the Screen Mode back to 003h (Screen 0)

Here is the ASM source code to this library:






InitVGA PROC                                      

        MOV     AX, 0013h			; Put 0013h into AX
        INT     10h				; Call Interrupt 10



InitText PROC                                      
	MOV AX, 0003h				; Put 0003h into AX
	INT 10h					; Call Interrupt 10
InitText ENDP


I am not going in depth on how exactly the above code works but I may in my next article. So assuming you cut that code out and compiled it using MASM or TASM into .obj code we can go on.

Now that we have our object code we need to convert it into a library. So we run our handy Lib utility that comes with Quickbasic 4.5 .


Microsoft (R) Library Manager  Version 3.14
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corp 1983-1988.  All rights reserved.

Library name:Mylib
Library does not exist.  Create? (y/n) y
List file:nul

And then we need to link it into a QuickLibrary so we can use it from QB's IDE.

C:\qb45>link /q /st:300 Mylib.lib

Microsoft (R) Overlay Linker  Versio
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corp 1983-19

Run File [MYLIB.QLB]:
List File [NUL.MAP]:
Libraries [.LIB]: bqlb45.lib qb.lib

And there we have it. A working Quickbasic library. But we have one final set to do before we can use the library.

Open up QB with your library loaded (QB /L Mylib) and type these lines in:

Declare Sub InitVGA ()
Declare Sub InitText ()

Save the file as and create a new file. In this file type:

'$include: ''

and voila! You can now use the functions in your library. Note that you do not have to put your declarations in the bi file if your library is small like this one but I recommend doing it this way to keep your code easily readable.

Next issue I plan on focusing on how to write your own graphics library in ASM so stay tuned.

By FlySwat99